The FAMP (Andalusian Federation of Municipalities and Provinces) believes that the municipalities should be the driving forces that bring together the main actors for the change from the current energy model to the one promoted by the European Union, through the Green Deal or Green Pact and, more specifically, the EU Strategy on Marine Renewable Energies, which aims to increase Europe’s offshore wind capacity from its current level of 12 GW to at least 60 GW by 2030 and 300 GW by 2050.
In this regard, it should be noted that the Andalusian coastline has an extension around 1000 km, where 24% of Spain’s potential for marine energy growth by 2030 is concentrated.
One of the main problems with regard to marine energy in Andalusia detected through the Blue Deal project is the lack of models that allow the articulation of organisational structures at municipal level for the production and use of marine energy. The existing instruments in Spain related to this matter, such as maritime spatial plans or similar strategies, do not include models of marine energy governance at the local level.
According to data from the Andalusian Energy Agency for 2019, Andalusia has a growth potential of 12,000 MW on the Andalusian coast, which shows the need to boost and optimise the decarbonisation process in Andalusian municipalities by identifying governance models that allow municipalities to take advantage of this energy potential.
This need was already included in the EU Strategy on Marine Renewable Energies, reflecting the need to establish a framework for joint action at the local level between the promoters of marine renewable energies, social partners, knowledge agents and public authorities, in order to set achievable long-term objectives through an optimal governance model.DESCRIPTION
The challenge for which we need solutions is called «Modelling Blue energy-based local governance».
This challenge consists of obtain the optimal governance model for the use of marine energy in the municipalities of the Andalusian coast. To do this, it is necessary to identify the typology of actors that should be involved in this model (e.g.: universities and/or knowledge agents, town councils, as well as social partners or renewable energy producers, among others).
Each one of these typologies of actors must identify their specific roles and functions in the proposed model.
Furthermore, it should be identified what interrelationships should exist between these actors to ensure that the joint efforts and interrelationships generate positive and complementary synergies between them in order to incentivise marine energy production.
The solvers of this challenge could be knowledge agents, competent authorities in the formulation of public policies, entities with knowledge in the design of energy policies and strategies, among other profiles.